Science is defined as knowledge about or study of the natural world based on facts learned through experiments and observation. Although some may use science to support disbelief in Allah, science more often supports Allah’s existence. Allah (swt) encourages us to study the world to discover His signs:
“Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding.” (3:189-90)
A scientific theory is a strongly supported explanation of something in the natural world. Here are a few scientific theories that support Allah’s existence:
- The Big Bang Theory and the Law of Cause and Effect
The Big Bang Theory is the widely held theory that the universe began with a giant blast of concentrated matter, and that the universe is still expanding. The Big Bang Theory is found in the Holy Quran:
“Have those who disbelieved not considered that the heavens and the Earth were a joined entity, then we separated them…” (21:30)
And the heaven We constructed with strength, and indeed, We are [its] expander. (51:47)
The Law of Cause and Effect states that “for every material effect we see, there was a cause that came before it, or was simultaneous to it, and that is greater than it” (http://www.apologeticspress.org/APContent.aspx?category=57&article=879).
Science cannot explain the cause of the Big Bang. What caused the giant blast that began the formation of the universe? Since every effect has a cause, both the Big Bang Theory and the Law of Cause and Effect support the fact that there is an Originator of the universe.
“…All are devoutly obedient to Him, Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it, ‘Be’ and it is.” (2:116-117)
- The Law of Entropy
The Law of Entropy states that everything degenerates into chaos and disorder unless there is a higher power controlling the process. Dr. Lawrence Brown, a scientist and revert to Islam states:
“It does not matter if you are talking about your child’s bedroom, the kitchen sink, or a complex chemical reaction. If there is nothing controlling it, it will degenerate into chaos…Over all processes that lead to an organized result, there is a greater power exerting control over it…. The Big Bang resulted not in chaos but in perfection…balanced orbits, over a billion galaxies with none of them colliding with one another” (https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Ewyi2ho04Hg).
Science cannot explain the incredible order, design and organization found in the world, even within a tiny cell. Where did this order and design come from? They came from a Greater Power.
“Who created the seven heavens one above another; you see no incongruity in the creation of the Beneficent Allah; then look again, can you see any disorder?” (67:3)
“Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and the day, and the [great] ships which sail through the sea with that which benefits people, and what Allah has sent down from the heavens of rain, giving life thereby to the earth after its lifelessness and dispersing therein every [kind of] moving creature, and [His] directing of the winds and the clouds controlled between the heaven and the earth are signs for a people who use reason.” (2:164)
- The Law of Biogenesis
The Law of Biogenesis states that living things can only come from other living things. A Living Source must have brought about life on Earth. Non-living chemicals, which existed on Earth before life began, are not able to bring life. Allah (swt) asks in the Holy Quran:
“Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators?” (52:35)
One of Allah’s names is “Al Hayy,” the Ever-Living. “Al-Hayy is the One from whom all life arises… the One who was, is, and will always be alive!” (https://understandquran.com/answer-al-hayy/)
“And rely upon the Ever-Living who does not die, and celebrate His praise…” (25:58)
“How can you disbelieve in Allah when you were lifeless and He brought you to life; then He will cause you to die, then He will bring you [back] to life, and then to Him you will be returned.” (2:28)